Gries, L. T. & Gries, J. R. (2019). Family treatment for moderate child alienation. Journal of Health Service Psychology, 45, 105–113.
Child alienation is manifested by significant resistance to parental contact that is disproportional to actual past experience. Individual interviews and questionnaires with all parties and structured family interactions are needed to assess presence and severity. In cases of moderate alienation, a family treatment model featuring psychoeducation, inclusive family goal setting, progressive desensitization, exposure, and development of a new family narrative is recommended.
Registrants can read the full article on CE.NationalRegister.org
Baker, A. (2006). Patterns of parental alienation syndrome: A qualitative study of adults who were alienated from a parent as a child. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 34, 63-78.
Baker, A. (2007). Adult children of parental alienation syndrome: Breaking the ties that bind. New York: W.W. Norton.
Baker, A., & Fine, P. (2008). Beyond the highroad: Responding to 17 parental Alienation strategies without compromising your morals or harming your child.
Becker-Weidman, A., (2012). Dyadic developmental psychotherapy: Effective treatment for complex trauma and disorders of attachment. Illinois Child Welfare Journal, 6(1), 1-11.
Ben-Porath, Y.S. & Tellegen, A. (2008). Minnesota multiphasic personality Inventory-2 restructured form (MMPI 2RF). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Bow, J.N., Gould, J.W. & Flens, J.R. (2009). Examining parental alienation in child custody cases: A survey of mental health and legal professionals. American Journal of Family Therapy, 37(2), 127-145.
Bowman-Perrott, Burke, M.D., de Marin, S., Zhang, N., and Davis, H. (2014). A meta-analysis of single case research on behavior contracts. Behavior Modification, 39(2), 247-269.
Bricklin, B. (1989). The perception of relationships test. Furlong, PA: Village Publishing.
Bricklin, B. (1990a). Child Self-Report Questionnaire. PA: Village Publishing, Inc.
Bricklin, B. (1990b). “Would” Questionnaire. PA: Village Publishing, Inc.
Crane, D.R. (1995). Introduction to behavioral family therapy for families with Young children. Journal of Family Therapy, 17, 229-242.
Darnall, D. (1998). Divorce Casualties: Protecting your children from parental alienation. Lanham MD: Taylor Publishing Co.
Darnall, D. (2011). The psychosocial treatment of parental alienation. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 20, 479-494.
DeJong, M. & Davies, H. (2012). Contact refusal by children following Acrimonious separation: Therapeutic approaches with children and parents. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 18(2), 185-198.
Drozd, L.M., Kuehnle, K., & Olesen, N.W. (2011, June). Rethinking the evaluation of abuse and alienation with gatekeeping in mind [mp3file]. Workshop presented at the Association of Family and Conciliation Courts (AFCC) 48th Annual Conference, Orlando, FL. Available from http://www.afccnet.org/ConferencesTraining/AFCCConferences
Drozd, L.M. & Olesen, N.W. (2010). Abuse and alienation are each real: A response to a critique by Joan Meier. Journal of Child Custody, 7(4), 253-265.
Eddy, B. (2010). Don’t alienate the kids! Raising resilient children while avoiding High conflict divorce (p. xxi). Scottsdale, AZ: High Conflict Institute Press.
Everett, C.A. (2006). Family therapy for parental alienation syndrome: Understanding the interlocking pathologies. In R.A. Gardner, S.R. Sauber & D. Lorandos (Eds.), The international handbook of parental alienation Syndrome: Conceptual, clinical and legal considerations (pp. 228-241). Springfield, Il: Charles C. Thomas.
Fidler, B.J., Bala, N., & Saini, M.A. (2013). Children who resist postseparation parental contact. (pp 4-7). New York: Oxford University Press.
Garber, B.D. (2015). Cognitive-behavioral methods in high conflict divorce: Systematic desensitization adapted to parent-child reunification Interventions. Family Court Review, 53(1), 96-112.
Gordon, R.M., Stoffey, R., & Bottinelli, J. (2008). MMPI-2 findings of primitive Defenses in alienating parents. American Journal of Family Therapy, 36(2), 211-228.
Gottlieb, L.J. (2013). The application of structural family therapy to the treatment of parental alienation syndrome. In A. Baker & S.R. Sauber (Eds.) Working with alienated children and families: A clinical guidebook (pp. 209-231). New York: Routledge.
Gries, L. (1996). Family Interaction Interview (FII). East Hills, N.Y.
Hart, D.H., Kehle, T.J.,& Davies, M.V. (2019). Effectiveness of sentence completion techniques: A review of the Hart Sentence Completion Test for Children. Projective Personality Assessment in the Schools, Pp. 428-434.
Hazzard, A., Christensen, A., & Margolin, G. (1983). Children’s perceptions of parental behaviors. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 11(1), 49-60.
Hughes, D. (2014). Dyadic developmental psychotherapy goals and objectives. In DDP Network. Retrieved from http://ddpnetwork.org/badkend/wp-content/Uploads/2014/03/DDP-Goals-and—Objectives-290314.pdf
Johnston, J.R. (2005a). Children of divorce who reject a parent and refuse visitation: Recent research and social policy implications for the alienated child. Family Law Quarterly, 38(4), 757-775.
Johnston, J.R. (2005b). Clinical work with parents in entrenched custody disputes. In L. Gunsberg & P. Hymowitz (Eds.), A handbook of divorce and custody: Forensic, developmental, and clinical perspectives (pp. 343-364). Hillside, N.J.; The Analytic Press.
Johnston, J.R. & Goldman, J.R. (2010). Outcomes of family counseling Interventions with children who resist visitation: An addendum to Friedlander and Walters. Family Court Review, 48, 112-115.
Johnston, J.R., Lee, S., Walters, M.G., & Olesen, N.W. (2005a). Clinical ratings of parenting capacity and Rorschach protocols of custody disputing parents: An exploratory study. Journal of Child Custody 2, 159-178.
Johnston, J.R., Roseby, V. & Kuehnle, K. (2009). Parental alignments and alienation: Differential assessment and therapeutic interventions. In the name of the child: A developmental approach to understanding and helping children of conflicted and violent divorce (2nd ed.) (pp. 361-389). New York: Springer Publishing Company.
Johnston, J.R., Walters, M.G., & Olesen, N.W. (2005b) The psychological functioning of alienated children in custody disputing families: An exploratory study. American Journal of Forensic Psychology, 23(3), 39-64.
Kelly, J.R. & Johnston, J.R. (2001). The alienated child: A reformulation of parent alienation syndrome. Family Court Review. Special issue: Alienated children in divorce, 39(3), 249-266.
Kopetski, L. (1998). Identifying cases of parent alienation syndrome, Part I. The Colorado Lawyer, 29(2), 65-68.
Lowenstein, L.F. (1998). Parent alienation syndrome: A two step approach towards a solution. Contemporary Family Therapy, 20, 505-520.
Miller, S.G. (2013). Clinical reasoning and decision-making in cases of child alignment: Diagnostic and therapeutic issues. In A.J.L. Baker & S.R. Sauber (Eds.), Working with alienated children and families: A clinical guidebook (pp. 8-46), New York: Routledge.
Polak, S. & Moran, J.A. (2017). The current status of outpatient approaches to parent-child contact problems. In A.M. Judge, & R.M. Deutsch, Overcoming parent-child contact problems (pp. 63-90). New York: Oxford University Press
Rotter, J.B., Lah, M.I., & Rafferty J.E. (1992). Rotter Incomplete Sentences Blank, Second Edition. TX: Pearson.
Waldron, K.H. & Joanis, D.E. (1996). Understanding and collaboratively treating Parental alienation syndrome. American Journal of Family Law, 10, 121-133.
Walters, M.G. & Friedlander, S. (2010). Finding a tenable middle space: Understanding the role of clinical interventions when a child refuses contact with a parent. Journal of Child Custody, 7, 287-328.
Weitzman, J. (2004). Use of the one-way mirror in child custody reunification cases. Journal of Child Custody, 1(4), 27-48.
Earn CE Credit