Chee, S. M., & De Cecchis, D. P. (2017). Sensitive employment evaluations: 93% of naval aviation personnel receiving mental health treatment return to flight status. Journal of Health Service Psychology, 43, 26–30.
Mental health professionals and patients in sensitive employment situations, such as aviators, police officers, national security personnel, and surgeons, worry about the potential consequences of a psychiatric diagnosis and psychological treatment. Such “fitness for duty” evaluations are examples of mixed or dual agency clinical work. Using data about military aviators as an example, this project found that over 93% of the personnel who received mental health care received a medical recommendation (or “waiver”) to return to flying. Research with civilian aviators shows that 98% are granted approval to return to flying.
Aeromedical Electronic Resource Office (AERO) obtained online at http://www.med.navy.mil/sites/nmotc/nami/arwg/Pages/AeromedicalElectronicResourceOffice(AERO).aspx
Acosta, J., et.al. (2014). Mental Health Stigma in the Military. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation. http://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR426.html. Also available in print form.
Ben-Zeev, Corrigan, P.W., Britt, T. W., Langford. L., et.al. (2012). Stigma of mental illness and service use in the military. Journal of Mental Health, 21, 264-73.
Bor, R., Eriksen, C., Oakes, M. & Scragg, P. (2017) (Eds) Pilot Mental Health Assessment and Support: A Practitioner’s Guide. New York, NY, Routledge.
DoDI 6490.08 Command Notification Requirements to Dispel Stigma in Providing Mental Health Care to Service Members. (Aug 17, 2011). Retrieved from http://www.jag.navy.mil/distrib/instructions/DODI6490.08Cmd_Notification_Mental_Health.pdf
Giovanetti, P. “FAA Policy and Regulations.” Sept 17, 2016. Presentation given at the 4th Annual Aerospace Psychology Seminar, Denver, CO.
Johnson, W. B. (2008). Top ethical challenges for military clinical psychologists. Military Psychology, 20, 49-62.
Kennedy, C. H., & Zillmer, E. A. (Eds.). (2012). Military Psychology: Clinical and Operational Application. Second Edition. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Lollis, B. D., Marsh, R. W., Sowin, T. W., & Thompson, W. T. (2009). Major depressive disorder in military aviators: A retrospective study of prevalence. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, Vol 80 (8), 734-737.
Reger, M. A., Etherage, J. R., Reger, G. M., & Gahm, G. A. (2008). Civilian psychologist in an Army culture: the ethical challenge of cultural competence. Military Psychology: 20, 21-36.
Schreiber, M. & McEnany, G. P. (2015). Stigma, American military personnel and mental health care: Challenges from Iraq and Afghanistan. Journal of Mental Health, 24(1), 54-59.
U.S. Navy Aeromedical Reference and Waiver Guide. (April 19, 2016) Retrieved from http://www.med.navy.mil/sites/nmotc/nami/arwg/Documents/Complete_Waiver_Guide.pdf
Wu, C. A., Donnelly-McClay, D., Weisskopf, M. G., McNeely, E., Betancourt, T. S., & Allen, J. G. (2016). Airline pilot mental health and suicidal thoughts: A cross-sectional descriptive study via anonymous web-based survey. Environmental Health, retrieved online from DOI 10.1186/s12940-016-0200-6.
Vogt, D. (2011). Mental health-related beliefs as a barrier to service use for military personnel and veterans: A review. Psychiatric Services, 62, 135-42.