Lambert, M. J. (2017). Implementing routing outcome monitoring (ROM) in clinical practice. Journal of Health Service Psychology, 43, 55–59.


Routine outcome monitoring (ROM) has become a recommended clinical practice. Evidence for the positive effects of monitoring client treatment response is presented, along with those aspects of monitoring that are needed to make it feasible and effective. The monitoring of the outcome of therapy can easily be implemented into private practice routines as well as agency procedures.


American Psychological Association Presidential Task Force on Evidence-Based Practice. (2006). Evidence based practice in psychology. American Psychologist, 61, 271-285. doi:

Duncan, B. L., & Miller, S. D. (2008). The Outcome and Session Rating Scales: The revised administration and scoring manual, including the Child Outcome Rating Scale. Chicago: Institute for the Study of Therapeutic Change.

Lambert, M. J. (2013). The efficacy and effectiveness of psychotherapy. In M. J. Lambert (Editor) Bergin & Garfield’s Handbook of Psychotherapy and Behavior Change (6th Ed., Pp. 169-218). New York: Wiley.

Lambert, M. J., Kahler, M., Harmon, C., Burlingame, G. M., Shimokawa, White, M. M. (2013). Administration and Scoring Manual: Outcome Questionnaire OQ®-45.2. Salt Lake City: OQMeasures.

Lambert, M. J. & Whipple, J. M. (in Press). Client and therapist feedback. (in press). In J. C. Norcross & M. J. Lambert (Eds.) Relationships that work (3rd Edition) Volume I. Washington, DC: APA Press.

Safran, J. D., Muran, J. C., & Eubanks-Carter, C., (2011). Repairing alliance ruptures. Psychotherapy 48(1), 80-87.

Shimokawa, K., Lambert, M. J., & Smart, D. W. (2010). Enhancing treatment outcome of patients at risk of treatment failure: Meta-analytic and mega-analytic review of psychotherapy quality assurance systems. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,78, 298-311. doi:10.1037/a0019247

Walfish, S., McAlister, B., O’Donnell, P., & Lambert, M. J. (2012). An investigation of self-assessment bias in mental health providers. Psychological Reports, 110, (2), 639-644. DOI 10.2466/02.07.17.