According to new research reviewed by Good Housekeeping, spanking one's child can lead to severe behavioral health issues in their future. Most Americans believe that spanking their children is an effective way to discipline, however it has the opposite outcome.
A 2016 meta-analysis collected data from over 150,000 children during a 50 year time span. The data show links between corporal punishment and various behavioral issues including: aggression, antisocial behavior, mental health problems, cognitive difficulties and low self esteem. Furthermore, also using surveys, home visits, and teacher interviews, it showed that African-American children who had experienced intense punishment at a young age had increased aggression and delinquent type behavior.
Dr. Gustavo Carlo, Millsap Professor of Diversity at MU, stated, "it is very important that parents refrain from physical punishment as it can have long-lasting impacts. If we want to nurture positive behaviors, all parents should teach a child how to regulate their behaviors early."