The news site Philly.com has reviewed a new study by Health Affairs showing significant healthcare access disparities between Philadelphia neighborhoods. The most significant determining factor of healthcare access was whether a neighborhood was majority African American or white; general income level did not have as great an impact.
Natalie Levkovich, a speaker in the National Register's Integrated Healthcare Training Series, contributed to the report. She explained that a majority of low-access neighborhoods are areas "in the Northeast and parts of the Northwest [of Philadelphia] that may have once been mainly white working-class populations and now are areas of color."
Access to healthcare was defined partly by distance to a doctor's office and partly by the ratio of adults to primary care providers in a given area. The study used census data to determine access ratios. According to Philly.com's article, almost a third of low-access areas had 80% or more African American residents. Additionally, as cited from the original study abstract, the odds of being in a low-access neighborhood were 28 times greater for census tracts with a high number of African American residents.